The Papal Order of Saint Gregory was originally founded by Pope Gregory XVI on 1 September 1831, in four classes - Knights Grand Cross (1st class), Knights Grand Cross (2nd class), Knights Commander, and Knights. The regulations concerning the grades and uniform were then expanded in a further Bull dated 30 May 1834. As part of the reform of the Papal Orders instituted by Saint Pius X on 7 February 1905, the grades of the Order were modified by the addition of a Star for a higher category of Knights Commander and the suppression of the 2nd class of Knight Grand Cross, paralleling the grades of the Ordine Piano and the newly founded Order of Saint Sylvester. Pius X also assigned to the Papal Knights a particular place in Papal processions and in ceremonies of the Church. The Order has four classes in civil and military divisions: Knight Grand Cross of the First Class Knight Grand Cross of the Second Class Commander Knight Of the five pontifical orders of knighthood in the Catholic Church, it is the highest honour that a layman can attain. The order is bestowed on Catholic men (and in rare cases, non-Catholic men) in recognition of their service to the Church, unusual labours, support of the Holy See, and the good example set in their communities and country.
Lancelot Armitage WRIGHT Haileybury Hailey 1929.3 - 1933.2