RUSSIA & USSR

The Order of St. George

The Order of St. George was instituted twenty years after the death of Peter the Great by Catherine II. The Order of St. George was officially instituted in St. Petersburg on November 26, 1769. The first holder of the order was the empress herself and the decoration survived until the Revolution in 1917.

The Order of St. George had a motto: "For Service and Valor." and was awarded for fortitude, bravery, and zealous service, as well as for the glory of Russian arms. Saint George was the patron saint and defender of Russia. The order was divided into four classes and consisted of a enamelled gold cross. a four-pointed star, and a black and orange ribbon. The statutes of this order forbade it being embedded with precious stones.

Colonel Charles Michael BROWNE CMG DSO          United Services College 1893.1 - 1895.3

Russian Relief Force Archangel 1919

Order St. George, 2nd Class

Colonel Cecil Hulton CLUTTERBUCK     Haileybury Trevelyan 1896.1 - 1899.2

Chevalier of Orders of St Anne, St George, St. Vladimir & St.  Stanislas. Following service in Salonika he moved to the Black Sea.

Major Richard Brougham DENNY  Haileybury Trevelyan 1903.1 - 1906.1

Order St. George 4th class . operations in Siberia

The Order of St. Vladimir

The Order of St. Vladimir was founded, in 1782, by Catherine II. The Order of St. Vladimir was second in rank only to the Order of St. Andrew. It was awarded for zealous military service and feats of arms for thirty-five years or more of irreproachable civil service. The order had five classes: Its insignia was an enameled gold cross, an eight-pointed star, and a ribbon of red moire with black borders.

 

Colonel Charles Michael BROWNE CMG DSO          United Services College 1893.1 - 1895.3

Russian Relief Force Archangel 1919 Order St. George.

Colonel Cecil Hulton CLUTTERBUCK     Haileybury Trevelyan 1896.1 - 1899.2

Chevalier of Orders of St Anne, St George, St. Vladimir & St.  Stanislas. Following service in Salonika he moved to the Black Sea.

Brigadier General Sir Terence Humphrey KEYES KCIE CSI CMG Haileybury Colvin 1891.2 - 1894.2

Served with Romanian & Russian Armies in Carpathians in 1917 British Military Mission South Russia 1918 - 1919

Major Geoffrey Daviles PIKE, M.C. United Services College 1893.3 -1897.2

Order of Valdimir (4th Class). British Military Agent in the Caucasus. Killed by the Bolshevists at Vladikavkaz, 15th August, 1918.

Saint Anne with crossed swords

The Order of St. Anne was given for great deeds in civil service and labor. This service was to benefit the public at large in some way. The Order had three classes and no restrictions were made as to the number of holders. It was a red enameled cross with gold open-work ornamentation at the corners and an image of St. Anne was in the center, with a star and red ribbon with yellow borders. Later on it had a fourth classification for junior officers of the army and the navy. This version was a round medal with a crown and a red cross on top. It was generally fastened to the hilt of a sword or sabre. It was inscribed with the words: "For Courage."

The earliest crosses had red glass and diamonds in the openwork, but later versions had red enamel. Diamond encrusted crosses were exclusively for foreigners. In 1829, the first and second classes were to include the imperial crown. The crown was attached to the upper arm of the cross, as shown above. The crown improved the look and prestige of the order. The Order of St. Anne (unlike others) is worn on the right side of the chest. On August 5, 1855, the addition of the crossed swords was added to the cross. 

 

Commander George Roland Gordon ALLEN OBE RN  United Services College 1901.2 - 1903.1

Order of Saint Anne (4th Class) 1916

Colonel Charles Michael BROWNE CMG DSO          United Services College 1893.1 - 1895.3

Russian Relief Force Archangel 1919

Order of St Anne, 2nd Class

Lieutenant Colonel Hugh Watson CHANNER     United Services College 1890.3 - 1893.2

Order of Saint Anne (3rd Class) 1902.

Colonel Cecil Hulton CLUTTERBUCK     Haileybury Trevelyan 1896.1 - 1899.2

Chevalier of Orders of St Anne, St George, St. Vladimir & St.  Stanislas. Following service in Salonika he moved to the Black Sea.

Colonel Arthur Charles FERGUSSON CMG DSO Haileybury Le Bas 1883.3 - 1888.2

Order of Saint Anne 3rd Class

 Colonel Malcolm David GRAHAM CB CMG CVO Haileybury Edmonstone 1879.3 - 1883.2

Order of Saint Anne (3rd Class)

Brigadier General Sir Terence Humphrey KEYES KCIE CSI CMG Haileybury Colvin 1891.2 - 1894.2

Served with Romanian & Russian Armies in Carpathians in 1917 British Military Mission South Russia 1918 - 1919

Lieutenant Colonel Charles Trevor LAWRENCE DSO   ( 2nd Baron Trevethin)        Haileybury  Lawrence & Trevelyan 1893.2 - 1898.2

Service in North Russia 1919. Order of St Anne of Russia

Air Commodore Noel Stephen PAYNTER CB DL  Haileybury HIGHFIELD 1911.3 - 1916.1

Order of Saint Anne 

Major General Sir Archibald Buchanan RITCHIE KBE CB CMG    United Services College 1879.2 - 1887.3

Order of Saint Anne (2nd Class) with swords.

General  Sir Alexander Ernest WARDROP Haileybury Highfield 1886.1 - 1888.2

Order of Saint Anne 

Sir Edmund WYLDBORE - -SMITH    Haileybury Le Bas 1891.1 - 1894.3

Order of Saint Anne of Russia

The Order of St Stanislas was founded by Stanislas Augustus Poniatowski, the last king of Poland, in 1765 on the eve of the Feast of St Stanislas, Bishop, Martyr and Patron Saint of Poland. The Order ranked in Poland second only to the Order of the White Eagle.         After the Insurrection of 1830 and the suppression of the Kingdom of Poland, Czar Nicholas I incorporated the Order among the Russian Orders of Chivalry. The Order's badge was an eight-pointed, red-enamelled, gold bordered Maltese cross whose points were tipped with a golden pearl. In the white enamelled centre was the figure of St Stanislas surrounded by a gold and green laurel wreath. A golden crowned Polish Eagle was between the arms of the cross. In 1832, Czar Nicholas changed the medal by substituting the double-headed eagle of Russia for the Polish Eagle. When awarded for military gallantry the badge featured crossed swords in the angles of the cross.        The Order of St Stanislas remained in the hands of the Russian Czars until 1917 when they were eliminated by the Bolsheviks. It had been lavishly bestowed on both Russians and foreigners. The White Russians used the Order after WWI to award those fighting with them against the Bolsheviks. These were the last of the Russian Order of Stanislas's awarded

 

Colonel Richard Lowis BIGNELL DSO       Haileybury Bartle Frere 1894.3 - 1898.3

Awarded Order of St. Stanislaus 3rd Class

Lieutenant Colonel  Lancelot Dunlop BRISCOE      Haileybury Batten 1895.3 - 1898.2

Awarded Order of St. Stanislaus 2nd class

Sir Chief Marshall Sir Henry Robert Moore BROOKE -POPHAM GCVO KCB CMG DSO AFC  Haileybury Lawrence 1891.3 - 1896.3

Awarded Order of St. Stanislaus 2nd class with swords.

Major General Sir Charles Edward CALLWELL KCB Haileybury Lawrence 1871 - 1876.2

Awarded Order of St. Stanislaus 1st class

Major General John CAMPBELL CB CMG DSO         Haileybury Le Bas 1884.3 - 1886.3

Awarded Order of St. Stanislaus 3rd class with swords

Major Harold Glyn CARLILE      Haileybury Colvin 1895.3 - 1900.2

Awarded Order of St. Stanislaus 

Major General Clifford COFFIN, VC, CB, DSO & Bar    Haileybury College, Lawrence 1884.1 -1886.2

Awarded Order of St. Stanislaus 2nd Class with Swords

Lieutenant Colonel Hugh Charles COPEMAN CMG DSO  Haileybury Colvin 1875.1 - 1880.2

Awarded Order of St. Stanislaus 2nd class with swords

Colonel Cecil Hulton CLUTTERBUCK     Haileybury Trevelyan 1896.1 - 1899.2

Chevalier of Orders of St Anne, St George, St. Vladimir & St.  Stanislas. Following service in Salonika he moved to the Black Sea.

Brigadier General Charles Henry DAVIES CB CMG DSO             United  Services College 1877.2 - 1882.3

Awarded Order of St. Stanislaus 2nd class with swords.

Brevet Lieutenant Colonel Frederick Lewis DIBBLEE    Haileybury Hailey 1885.2 - 1888.2

Awarded Order of St. Stanislaus 2nd class with swords

Colonel O.G GUNNING Haileybury

Awarded the Order of St Stanislaus 3rd Class

Brigadier George William Clement Hickie CBE United Services College & Imperial Service College 1911.3-1914.2

Awarded Order of St. Stanislaus 2nd class

Brigadier General Sir Terence Humphrey KEYES KCIE CSI CMG Haileybury Colvin 1891.2 - 1894.2

Served with Romanian & Russian Armies in Carpathians in 1917 British Military Mission South Russia 1918 - 1919

Order of  USHAKOV was one of the highest naval awards of USSR among the Order of Nakhimov and it is up to this day. Its name commemorates the Admiral Fyodor Ushakov, who never lost a battle and was proclaimed patron saint of the Russian Navy.

The order was instituted during the World War II on March 3, 1944 and has two classes. The idea was given to Stalin by an admiral Nikolai Gerasimovich Kuznetsov in summer of 1943. The order was to be awarded to admirals, generals and officers of the navy who achieved a victory over the numerical superior enemy. The order was first awarded on May 16, 1944.

A 1st class order is mainly golden and has a laurel and oak leaves while the 2st class is silver and has no branches. During World War II 22 men have been awarded the 1st class order in total, eight of them - twice. 14 officers were awarded a 2nd class, all of them were attached to the Northern Fleet.

Air Chief Marshal Sir Trafford  Leigh-Mallory KCB, CB, DSO  Melville 1906.2 - 1911.1

Order of Ushakov

Order of Kutuzov (USSR)1st Class-Established 29 July 1942. Awarded to group and army commanders and their staffs for exceptional service in directing combat operations 2nd Class-Established 29 July 1942. Awarded to corps, division, and brigade commanders and their chiefs of staff for successful operations inflicting heavy losses on an enemy while retaining the battle worthiness of their own troops. 3rd Class-Established 8 February 1943. Awarded to regimental, battalion, and company commanders and to regimental chiefs of staff for initiative displayed in combat operations which inflict severe losses on an enemy as the result of a sudden and daring attack.

 

Brigadier Alexander Cosby Fishburn JACKSON CVO CBE    Haileybury  Le Bas 1917.3 - 1921.2

Order of Kutuzov 2nd class 

Major General Lewis Owen LYNE CB DSO     Haileybury Trevelyan 1913.2 - 1918.1

USSR: The Order of the Red Star

Ribbon: Red with a central grey stripe.

Instituted: 6 April 1930.Awarded: To army personnel for distinction in the defence of the country in both peace and war time.

 

Air Chief Marshall  Sir Arthur Penrose Martyn SANDERS GCB KBE     Haileybury Edmonstone 1912.3 - 1915.2

Red star (USSR) 1944

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