Order of Lion and the Sun Persia ( Qajar Kadjar)
Oldest Order of Persia. Order of the Lion & Sun. The history of Persian orders and medals dates back to the era of Fathali Shah Qajar (r. 1212-50/1797-1834). At the time of his reign, due to growth of the contact between his court and the European Royal Courts, the first orders were made in the court for the Shah and his high ranked courtiers by the his decree. No one knows about the first order ever made in Iran but the Order of the Lion & Sun is of the earliest types. This order contained a resting lion and a feminine face sun. Parallel to this order the Order of Sun was made for the foreigners who visited the Imperial court of Iran. One of the most famous recipients of this order is the emperor of the France, Napoleon I, in 1808. The emblem of the Lion and the Sun was first adopted officially by the Qajar (Kadar) under Mohammad Shah (r.1834-48). The emblem changed over time from a lion (often depicted lying on the ground) and a sun with a human face, to a lion standing and holding a sword in its right paw and a sun across its back. As a General they would probably have worn a red sash, the colour varying with grade.
Major General James Archibald DOUGLAS CMG CIE Haileybury Colvin 1876.3 - 1878.2
Persian Order of Lion & Sun. served in Great War in Mesopotamia, Persia & Afghan War 1914 - 1919
Major General John Henry Foster LAKIN CB CSI Haileybury Edmonstone 1892.2 - 1895.3
Persian Order of Lion & Sun