PAKISTAN - KASHMIR CAMPAIGN MEDAL 1948 Tamgha-i-Diffa / Medal of Service -- Established as a general service medal for award to all members of the Pakistani military and semi-military forces, to members of states' forces, and to British officers and men serving with Pakistan's armed forces. The medal awarded to Lieutenant Colonel Harvey Kelly as a gallantry award is not recorded in the Haileybury Register. However, he would have been entitled to the Campaign Medal shown here.
Order British India.
At the time Pakistan as a new nation had few medals & it is not clear which medal is referred to below. Spinks refers to the Old "Order of British India" being given to some British Officers. internet :- Order of British India (OBI) Date Instituted: 1837 Terms of Award: Introduced by Honourable East India Company to reward Indian officers for outstanding long and meritorious service. Awarded in two classes. Notes: Ribbon originally sky blue, but since this is a neck award, it was seen that the oiled hair styles of Indians soiled the ribbon, and it was changed to crimson. In 1946, the Pakistan government ordered quantities of this medal to award to British officers who had rendered outstanding services, an ironic reversal of donor and recipient. It is possible that the medal given below was this.
Lieutenant Colonel John Hubert HARVEY KELLY Imperial Service College 1932.3 - 1936.2
Awarded Medal & Certificate of gallantry by Pakistan for Border Defence Duties (Kashmir).
"1947-48 Kashmir War: On the operational level the Pakistanis did well by capturing Pandu a position of tactical importance in the Jhelum Valley by a brilliant infiltration plan conceived by Commander 101 Brigade Brigadier Akbar Khan DSO with the indomitable Major Ishaq MC as his Brigade Major. Akbar deputed Lt Col Harvey Kelly, commanding 4/10 Baluch to plan the attack in detail.2 Pandu, however, was an operational episode of great tactical significance but limited strategic value. Abstract from "The Anatomy of Indo-Pak Wars" A Strategic and Operational Analysis Columnist A H AMIN makes a case study of Indo-Pak Wars. http://www.defencejournal.com/2001/august/anatomy.htm