FINLAND

Order of the White Rose. Instituted by Baron Mannerheim on January 28, 1918. The White Rose could be awarded in war or peace to Finnish citizens or foreigners, for service to the nation of Finland. It could also be awarded for bravery in the field of battle. The White Rose came in five classes:

Commander Grand Cross -- Badge worn on sash, star of the order worn too. Commander 1st Class -- Badge worn at neck, slightly smaller star worn too. Commander -- Badge worn at the neck. Knight (or Member) 1st Class -- Badge in gold, worn on chest, hung from ribbon Knight (or Member) -- Badge in sliver, worn on chest, hung from ribbon. The ribbon of the Order of the White Rose was a deep royal blueThe Cross of Liberty. This is the first Finnish decoration and was instituted on 4 March 1918 (later it became the Order of the Cross of Liberty, Finland's premier award). It had been a suggestion of General Mannerheim to institute this cross to reward bravery or meritorious service during the Finnish War of Liberation. The Cross of Liberty held two divisions : a military (marked with swords on the suspension device) and a civil division and five classes. Furthermore, it could be awarded with brilliants, with oakleaf or, for medical personnel, with a red cross (in the central medallion, 3rd and 4th class only).

 

 

The Cross of Liberty. This is the first Finnish decoration and was instituted on 4 March 1918 (later it became the Order of the Cross of Liberty, Finland's premier award). It had been a suggestion of General Mannerheim to institute this cross to reward bravery or meritorious service during the Finnish War of Liberation. The Cross of Liberty held two divisions : a military (marked with swords on the suspension device) and a civil division and five classes. Furthermore, it could be awarded with brilliants, with oak leaf or, for medical personnel, with a red cross (in the central medallion, 3rd and 4th class only). The picture shown is the Grand Cross

 

General Sir Walter Mervyn St. George KIRKE GCB CMG DSO JP DL   Haileybury Thomason 1891.1 - 1893.2

Major General. 1924; Head of British Naval, Military and Air Force Mission to Finland, 1924-1925;Awarded  Grand Cross & Finnish TA Medal. White Rose of Finland,

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