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FORMER PUPILS OF THE HONOURABLE 

EAST INDIA COLLEGE

"OLD HAILEYBURY"

WHO WERE AWARDED THE VICTORIA CROSS

"FOR VALOUR"

picture from family photo taken in 1890

HUGH HENRY GOUGH

 Lieutenant, 1st Bengal Light Cavalry.

Lieutenant Gough, when in command of a party of Hodson's Horse, near Mumbagh, on 12 November 1857, particularly distinguished himself by his forward bearing in charging across a swamp and capturing two guns although defended by a vastly superior body of the enemy. On this occasion he had his horse wounded in two places and his turban cut through by sword cuts, while engaged in combat with three sepoys. Lieutenant  Gough also particularly distinguished himself near Jallalabad, Lucknow, on 21 February 1858, by showing a brilliant example to his Regiment when ordered to charge the enemies' guns and by his gallant and forward conduct he enabled them to effect their object. On this occasion he engaged himself in a series of single combats, until he was at last disabled by a musket ball through the leg, while charging two sepoys with fixed bayonets. Lieutenant Gough on that day had two horses killed under him, a shot through his helmet and another through his scabbard, besides being severely wounded.

The Gough Family at the Tower of :London in 1900.

 Hugh was the Keeper of the Crown Jewels

Besides Hugh his brother Major Charles J. S. Gough also won a VC in the Indian Mutiny 1857-8. His nephew Major. J. E. Gough, son of Charles ,also won the VC in  Somaliland 1903.

ROSS LOWIS MANGLES

Assistant Magistrate at Patna, Bengal Civil Service

Mr. Mangles volunteered and served with the force consisting of detachments of Her Majesty's 10th and 37th Regiments and some native troops, despatched to the Relief of Arrah in July 1857, under the command of Captain Dunbar of the 10th Regiment. The force fell into an ambuscade on the night of 20 July 1857, and during the retreat on the next morning Mr Mangles, with signal gallantry and general self-devotion, and not withstanding that he had himself been previously wounded, carried for several miles out of action a wounded soldier of Her Majesty's 37th Regiment after binding up his wounds under a murderous fire which killed or wounded almost the whole detachment, and he bore him in safety to the boat.

(c) copyright National Army Museum

WILLIAM FRASER McDONELL

Magistrate of Sarun, Bengal Civil Service

During the retreat from Arrah on 30 July 1857, he climbed under  incessant fire outside the boat, in which he and several soldiers were, up to the rudder and with considerable difficulty cut through the lashing which secured it to the side of the boat. On the lashing being cut the boat obeyed the helm, and thus thirty-five European Soldiers escaped certain death.

ARTHUR THOMAS MOORE

Lieutenant and Adjutant 3rd Bombay Light Cavalry.

Battle of Khoosh-ab in Persia

On the occasion of an attack on the enemy on 8 February 1857 led by Lieutenant- Colonel Forbes, CB,. Lieutenant Moore, the Adjutant of the Regiment, was perhaps the first of all by a horse's length. His horse leaped into the square, and immediately fell dead, crushing down his rider and breaking his sword as he fell amid the broken ranks of the enemy. Lieutenant Moore speedily extricated himself, and attempted with his broken sword to force his way through the press; but he would assuredly have lost his life had not the gallant young Lieutenant Malcolmson, observing his peril, fought his way to his dismounted comrade through a crowd of enemies to his rescue, and giving him his stirrup, safely carried him through everything out of the throng. the thoughtfulness for others, cool determination, devoted courage and ready activity shown in extreme danger by this young officer, Lieutenant Malcolmson, appear to have been most admirable, and to be worthy of the highest honour.

Both men received the Victoria Cross 

HONOURABLE EAST INDIA COMPANY’S  OTHER COLLEGE

Haileybury was set up for the education of the Administrators, while Addiscombe near Croydon handled the military cadets destined for the East India Company’s Army.

ADDISCOMBE

 

The East India Company's Military Seminary was started in 1809 and continued till 1860.

The East India Company had many awards of the Victoria Cross. At least seventeen are known to have studied as pupils at Addiscombe . Several of these subsequently sent their son’s to Haileybury or United Services College. The following is a list of those known to have attended Addiscombe :-

HILLS, James

Second Lieutenant, Bengal Horse Artillery, Indian Army Campaign Indian Mutiny

Age 23

Nationality English

Born 20 August 1833 at Neechindipore, Bengal. Educated at the Academy & Military Academy Edinburgh & Addiscombe.

Deed On 9 July 1857, at the siege of Delhi, India, Second Lieutenant Hills most gallantly defended the position assigned to him when attacked by enemy cavalry. Single-handed he charged the head of the enemy's column and fought fiercely - on foot after he and his horse had been ridden down. He was about to be killed with his own sword which one of the enemy had wrested from him, when his senior officer (TOMBS, H.) saw what was happening and twice in a short space of time came to the rescue of his subaltern.

Other Decorations GCB Promoted Lieutenant- General 20 January 1886

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TOMBS, Henry

 

Major, Bengal Horse Artillery, Indian Army Campaign Indian Mutiny

Age 31

Deed On 9 July 1857 at the Siege of Delhi, India, Major Tombs twice went to the rescue of one of his junior officers (HILLS, J.). On the first occasion one of the enemy was about to kill the young officer with his own sword when Major Tombs rushed in and shot the man. A second attack on the subaltern resulted in his being cut down with a sword wound to the head, and he would undoubtedly have been killed if Major Tombs had not put his sword through the assailant.

Other Decorations KCB Later Sir Henry achieved rank of Major General.

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OLPHERTS, William

Captain, Bengal Artillery, Indian Army Campaign Indian Mutiny

Age 35

Nationality Irish

Deed On 25 September 1857 at Lucknow, India, when the troops penetrated into the city, Captain Olpherts charged on horseback with the 90th Regiment when they captured two guns in the face of very heavy fire of grape. Afterwards he returned under severe fire of musketry to bring up limbers and horses to carry off the captured ordnance.

Other Decorations GCB .Later achieved rank of General.

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SALKELD, Philip

Lieutenant, Bengal Engineers, Indian Army Campaign Indian Mutiny

Age 26

Nationality English

Deed On 14 September 1857 at Delhi, India, Lieutenant Salkeld, with another lieutenant (HOME, D.C.), a sergeant (SMITH, John and a bugler (HAWTHORNE, R.) showed conspicuous gallantry in the desperate task of blowing in the Kashmir Gate in broad daylight under heavy and destructive musket fire, preparatory to the assault.

Killed In action, Delhi, India - 10 Oct 1857

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INNES,  James John McLeod

 

Lieutenant, Bengal Engineers, Indian Army Campaign Indian Mutiny

Age 28

Nationality Scottish

Born at Baghpur, Bengal 5 February 1830. Educated at Edinburgh Academy & Addiscombe. Died 13 December 1907

Deed On 23 February 1858 at Sultanpore, India, Lieutenant Innes, far in advance of the leading skirmishers, was the first to secure a gun which the enemy were abandoning. They then rallied round another gun from which the shot would have ploughed through our advancing columns. Lieutenant Innes rode up, unsupported, shot the gunner and remained at his post keeping the enemy at bay until assistance reached him.

Other Decorations CB Returned to Civil employment after the Mutiny in1858 , with the rank of Major.

Father of Hugh Mcleod Innes Thomason 1875.3 - 1880.2. & of John Edgewoth Innes Highfield 1873.2 - 1876.2

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HARINGTON, Hastings Edward

Lieutenant, Bengal Artillery, Indian Army Campaign Indian Mutiny

Age 25

Nationality English

Deed During the whole of the period 14 to 22 November 1857, at the Relief of Lucknow, India, Lieutenant Harington acted with conspicuous gallantry.

Killed In action, Agra, India - 20 Jul 1861

Later achieved rank of Captain

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ROBERTS, Frederick Sleigh

Lieutenant, Bengal Artillery, Indian Army Campaign Indian Mutiny

Age 25

Nationality Irish

Born 30 September 1832 at Cawnpore. Son of Major- General Sir A. Roberts GCB. Educated at Eton & Addiscombe. He is the immortal "Bobs", who distinguished himself in Afghanistan & in the Boer War, where his only son was killed at Colenso. He died of pneumonia, when visiting the troops in France in November 1914 , whilst still amongst his beloved Indian & British troops.

Deed On 2 January 1858 at Khodagunge, India, on following up the retreating enemy, Lieutenant Roberts saw in the distance two sepoys going away with a standard. He immediately gave chase, overtaking them just as they were about to enter a village. Although one of them fired at him the lieutenant was not hit and he took possession of the standard, cutting down the man who was carrying it. He had also on the same day saved the life of a sowar who was being attacked by a sepoy.

Other Decorations KG, KP, GCB, OM, GCSI, GCIE, VD

His son also won the VC and was killed in the Boer War at Colenso

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RENNY, George Alexander

Lieutenant, Bengal Horse Artillery, Indian Army Campaign Indian Mutiny

Age 32

Born 1827. Educated at Addiscombe & commissioned 7 June 1844.

Deed On 16 September 1857 at Delhi, India, after the capture of the magazine, vigorous attacks were made on the post by the enemy, who under cover of heavy cross-fire, set fire to a thatched roof. This fire was extinguished, but the roof was again set alight and Lieutenant Renny, with great gallantry, mounted to the top of the wall of the magazine and flung several sticks of shells with lighted fuses into the midst of the enemy, with immediate effect. The attacks became feeble and soon ceased altogether.

Remarks Later achieved rank of Major General

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PRENDERGAST, Harry North Dalrymple

Lieutenant, Madras Engineers, Indian Army Campaign Indian Mutiny

Age 23

Deed On 21 November 1857 at Mundisore, India, Lieutenant Prendergast saved the life of another lieutenant at the risk of his own, by attempting to cut down a Velaitee who was covering the officer with his piece from only a few yards to the rear. Lieutenant Prendergast was wounded in this affair by the discharge of the piece and would have probably been killed had not the rebel been killed by a major who came to the rescue. Lieutenant Prendergast also distinguished himself by his gallantry in the actions at Ratgurh and Betwa, when he was severely wounded.

Other Decorations GCB

Father of Herbert Hugh Loraine Prendergast, Edmonstone 1891.3 - 1893.2.

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TRAVERS, James

 

Colonel, 2nd Bengal Native Infantry, Indian Army Campaign Indian Mutiny

Age 36

Nationality Irish

Born 6 October 1820. Son of Major General Sir Robert Travers educated Addiscombe..

Deed In July 1857 when the Presidency at Indore, India, was suddenly attacked by the enemy, Colonel Travers charged the guns with only five men to support him, and drove the gunners from the guns. This created a diversion so that many of the Europeans who were fugitives to the Presidency were able to escape from slaughter. Time was also gained for the faithful Bhopal Infantry to man their guns.

Other Decorations CB Remarks Later achieved rank of General.

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THACKERAY, Edward Talbot

 

Second Lieutenant, Bengal Engineers, Indian Army Campaign Indian Mutiny

Age 20

Nationality English

Born 19 October 1836 at Broxbourne. Educated at Marlborough & Addiscombe.

Deed On 16 September 1857 at Delhi, India, Second Lieutenant Thackeray, extinguished a fire in the Magazine enclosure under close and heavy musketry-fire from the enemy at the imminent risk to his own life from the explosion of combustible stores in the shed in which the fire occurred.

Other Decorations KCB Ultimately, reached rank of Major & received Mention in Dispatches in 1919.

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M’NEILL, John Carstairs

 

Lieutenant Colonel, 107th Regiment (Bengal Infantry - later The Royal Sussex Regiment) Campaign Waikato-Hauhau Maori War, New Zealand

Age 33

Nationality Scottish

Born 29 March 1831. Educated at the College of Saint Andrew’s & Addiscombe. Died at Saint Jame’s Palace 25 April 1904

Deed On 30 March 1864 near Ohanpu, New Zealand, Lieutenant Colonel McNeill was proceeding to Te Awamutu on duty, with two privates when they saw a party of the enemy in front. The colonel sent one of the privates back to bring up the infantry, but before help could arrive the officer and private were attacked by about 50 natives. In trying to escape the private's horse fell, throwing its rider, and the colonel, seeing his plight, returned, caught the horse and helped the man to mount. Although the enemy were very close and firing sharply, by galloping hard they managed to get away.

Other Decorations GCVO, KCB, KCMG Remarks Later achieved rank of Major General.

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TREVOR, William Spottiswoode

Major, Bengal Engineers, Indian Army Campaign Bhutan War

Age 33

He was the second son of Captain Robert Salusbury Trevor, who was murdered at Kabul at the time of the assassination of Sir William McNaghten, the British Envoy by Akhbar Khan in december 1841 Akhbar Khan kept Mrs Trevor & her 7 children captive. Akhbar for his own amusements arranged fights between 10 year old William and local Afghan boys. After 9 months captivity they were rescued by the force under Sir James Pollock. He and 2 of his brothers were educated at Addiscombe.

Deed On 30 April 1865 at Dewan-Giri, Bhootan, India, a number of the enemy, about 200 strong, had barricaded themselves in the blockhouse, which they continued to defend after the main body was in retreat. The blockhouse, which was loopholed, was the key of the enemy's position and on the orders of the general in command, Major Trevor and another officer (DUNDAS, J.) had to climb a 14ft. wall and then go head first through an opening only 2 feet wide. The two officers scaled the wall, followed, after they had set the example, by the Sikh soldiers, but they were both wounded.

Remarks Later achieved rank of Major General.

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DUNDAS, James

Lieutenant, Bengal Engineers, Indian Army Campaign Bhutan War

Age 22

Nationality Scottish

Born 12 September 1842. Educated at Edinburgh Accademy, trinity college Glenalmond & Addiscombe

Deed On 30 April 1865 at Dewan-Giri, Bhootan, India, a number of the enemy, about 200 strong, had barricaded themselves in the blockhouse, which they continued to defend after the main body was in retreat. The blockhouse, which was loopholed, was the key of the enemy's position and on the orders of the general in command, Lieutenant Dundas and another officer (TREVOR, W.S.) had to climb a 14ft. wall and then go head first through an opening only 2 feet wide. The two officers scaled the wall, followed, after they had set the example, by the Sikh soldiers, but they were both wounded.

Killed In action, Sherpur, Afghanistan - 23 Dec 1879 Remarks Later achieved rank of Captain.

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MACINTYRE, Donald

Major, Bengal Staff Corps, Indian Army

and 2nd Gurkha Rifles, Indian Army Campaign Looshai Expedition, India

Age 40

Nationality Scottish

Born 1831 . Educated at Addiscombe & entered Army 14 June 1850. Died 15 April 1880.

Deed On 4 January 1872 during the Looshai Campaign, North-East India, Major Macintyre led the assault on the stockaded village of Lalgnoora. He was the first to reach the stockade, at that time about 9 feet high, and successfully stormed it under heavy fire from the enemy.

Remarks Later achieved rank of Major General.

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COOK, John

Captain, Bengal Staff Corps, Indian Army

and 5th Gurkha Rifles Campaign Second Afghan War

Age 35

Nationality Scottish

Born August 1843. Educated at Edinburgh Academy & Addiscombe.

Deed On 2 December 1878 at the Peiwar Kotal, Afghanistan, Captain Cook, through heavy fire, charged out of the entrenchments with such impetuosity that the enemy broke and fled. At the close of the melee, seeing that a major was in personal conflict with an Afghan soldier, Captain Cook distracted attention to himself and a hand-to-hand encounter ensued, during which both men fell to the ground. The Afghan seized the captain's arm in his teeth until the struggle was ended by the man being shot in the head.

Killed In action, Sherpur, Afghanistan - 19 Dec 1879 Remarks Later achieved rank of Major.

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HAMMOND, Arthur George

 

Captain, Bengal Staff Corps, Indian Army Campaign Second Afghan War

Age 36

Nationality English

Born 28 September 1843. Educated at King Edward’s School Sherborne & Addiscombe. Killed by a stray shot in the Boer War at the siege of Ladysmith.

Deed On 14 December 1879 at the action on the Asmai Heights, near Kabul, Afghanistan, Captain Hammond defended the top of the hill with a rifle and fixed bayonet against large numbers of the enemy, while the 72nd Highlanders and Guides were retiring. Again, on the retreat down the hill he stopped and helped to carry a wounded sepoy, the enemy being only 60 yards off and firing heavily all the time.

Other Decorations KCB, DSO Remarks Later achieved rank of Brigadier General.

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THE HONOURABLE EAST INDIA COLLEGE - OLD HAILEYBURY

THE CAMPAIGNS & WARS 1806 - 1857

Copyright Haileybury College

The bulk of the pictures of the Addiscombe VCs are from "The VC & DSO Book" on which the copyright has expired

Saturday October 04, 2003